Wilhelmstraße 42, 10963 Berlin, Germany
The Berlin Wall was the physical barrier between West and East Germany until November 1991 when it fell. It represented the physical part of the so-called “Iron Curtain'' that split the ideologies and politics in central Europe for decades: capitalism versus communism.
The wall was built by the communist authorities that wanted to prevent the migration of the people to the capitalist world, to Western Europe. It had watchtowers all along with people surveilling the area for possible fugitives or possible attacks. It also had traps that would hurt the intruders.
With a total length of 155 kilometers, Its construction was a sign of control and of the power politics had over people. Its demolition in 1991 meant freedom for Germans and the downfall of communism in Europe and most parts of the world. It’s destruction started at the end of 1989, with the so-called Peaceful Revolution that brought the end to the communist regime and created Germany as we know it: a combination of East and West Germany. First, people took matters into their own hands and started destroying the wall. Some vandalized it, some drew graffiti to mark their liberation. The wall was completely removed, with only small parts of it remaining to souvenir hunters and museums.
If you want to truly experience the Berlin Wall and learn about its historic significance to the world, go on our Berlin Wall walking tours.